5 Agreement Verbs in Asl
Some signs can show by their movement “who did what to whom”. The movement of the sign indicates the subject and object of the verb. For example, if I sign “money” and then “give,” starting near my body and moving the “give” sign in your direction, then I sign “I`m going to give you money” or “I gave you money.” Suppose I start the sign by holding the sign away from my body (in whatever direction you are), then move the “give me” sign and finish close to my body. It would mean, “You give me money.” When I look at you and move the “Give” sign to the right or left, I sign “Give it to him.” This “directionality” can be used with many (but not all) characters. How do you know which ones? You connect with experienced users of the language and take them, or you watch a lot of videos of experienced signatories, or you attend many classes, pay attention to them and ask questions about the signs. You can direct many different verbs. Hand-to is the best example, but “MEET” is also useful. [To sign MEET, hold both index fingers about one foot apart in front of you, face up, with your palms facing each other. Then you bring them together – it looks like two people are meeting. Note: The index fingers do not touch each other, only the lower parts of the hands.] For example, ME-MEET-YOU can be done in a single movement. I don`t need to sign “I”,”MEET,” “YOU” as three separate words. But rather, I hold my right index finger close to me, my palm facing you, and my left index finger near you, my palm facing me. Then I bring my rights to the left.
One app is enough. A student asks: How do we know which verbs to use? Answer: This requires interactive practice and study. Some verbs are simply not directional in nature. For example: “WANT”. You sign “WANT” and separately specify who wants what. For example, to sign “SHE WANT CANDY”, you have to point to the little girl, sign “WANT” and then sign “CANDY”. (Just a side note: Although “WANT” isn`t “directional,” it uses some other interesting ASL grammar feature. “WANT/DON`T-WANT” is a great example of reversing orientation for negation.) Suzanne, well, first of all, I think we need to clarify what kind of “inflection” you`re talking about. “Bend” a character simply means changing or changing the character. I scratch my head to think of any sign (verb or not) that can`t be bent one way or another. I think you may want a list of verbs that can be folded (modified) to indicate the subject and/or purpose of the sentence. This is called “verb matching.” So what you may be looking for is a list of “matching verbs” and a list of verbs that don`t show “matching.” Verbs can specify the subject or object of a sentence by bending the palm alignment (in which direction your palm points), the position of the character, or both.
Note: Just because a verb isn`t usually modified to display a subject-verb match doesn`t mean you can`t change the verb in another way. For example, the LIKE sign can be bent by reversing the orientation to “dislike”. This still does not determine who the subject is or what the object is, but it does change the meaning of the LIKE sign to the opposite. Bill Not all ASL verbs can be inflected. Below is a list of some ASL verbs (often anchored in the body) that cannot be folded. They are called simple verbs. E.B. DOUBT, UNDERSTAND, KNOW, etc. Many ASL verbs can be inflected to indicate the subject and subject of a sentence. These inflected verbs are called clue verbs. These examples above are an introduction.
The following is a list of some ASL verbs that can be modulated into directional verbs. Not all verbs can work. Many, not all, ASL verbs can be modulated to another meaning using one of these temporal aspects, distribution aspects, and spatial correspondences. Some ASL verbs can be modulated into indicative verbs by changing the direction or movement of the verb. If I sign GIVE-TO by starting the movement of the place to the right and moving it to the left, it means that Bob Fred has given. If I sign from left to down and bring the GIVE TO sign to my body, what would that mean? This repetitive movement refers to two people helping each other. Using the same character, but changing direction leads to a different meaning. Z.B. you and I help each other. Notice how a different space is used between “Help each of you” and “Help yourself again and again”? In this video, the signer uses the same space of the verb help-you+++ (temporal aspect) that refers to a person (e.B.
You) whose signatory helped them again and again. The repetitive movement of this plural verb refers to “helping each of you”, usually two people in this case. There is more than one spatial reference point. Here are the beginnings of a list. If people want to contribute, feel free to send me your lists and I will add them. Dr. Bill: Suppose I index BOB to my right and FRED to my left. Then I sign “GIVE-TO” close to my body where I indexed Bob.
It means, “I`m going to give Bob.” The signer bends this verb to help you, in which the signer moves from himself (the subject/pronoun “I”) to you (the object/pronoun “you”), i.e. “I help you”. With the same tone and movement, you can change direction for different pronouns. Like what. ASL: IX1 HELP-IX2+++. English equivalent: “She helped him again and again.” The direction of this movement indicates the help….